What Does a Heavy Duty Diesel Mechanic Do?


There are many different types of professionals in the skilled trades who contribute to the industries that enable our daily lives and operations.

That includes heavy-duty diesel mechanics, who have the important role of working on equipment and vehicles that run on diesel engines. This can include anything from semitrucks to generators and other heavy equipment.

If you’re interested in training to pursue a career as a heavy-duty diesel mechanic, it’s important to understand what exactly this job looks like. Keep reading to find out more about the job and steps you can take to train for this career path.

What Is a Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic?

A diesel truck technician is responsible for the upkeep, diagnosis and repair of diesel engines present in large vehicles like trucks. They identify mechanical issues, complete routine inspection checks and perform necessary repairs to ensure the optimal performance of the vehicle.

Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic Job Description

Many vehicles use diesel engines, especially semitrucks, which transport goods and products across the country, and buses that take people where they need to be. There are also many machines in the construction, agricultural and railway industries that use diesel technology.

Duties of a heavy-duty diesel mechanic can vary depending on the equipment or vehicle they’re working on, and can include:

  • Diagnosing and repairing engines
  • Maintaining heavy-duty truck drivetrains and transmissions
  • Repairing air brakes
  • Reading diagrams and flowcharts
  • Checking vehicle lighting systems
  • Recording and organizing records of serviced equipment
  • Testing vehicles and machines for performance and compliance
  • Replacing defective parts and components
  • Cleaning and maintaining equipment
  • Welding and fabrication (in some cases)

Being a heavy-duty diesel mechanic is a physical job that requires a lot of standing, climbing, crawling and walking for periods of time. Depending on what’s being worked on, heavy-duty diesel mechanics can also be exposed to varying weather conditions. It takes someone who has attention to detail and a tough work ethic to succeed in this role!

Read: Light-Duty vs. Heavy-Duty Diesel Training: Which Is Right for Me?

Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic Salary and Job Outlook

Before considering a career in diesel, it helps to gather some basic information. Estimated salary and a general job outlook can be determining factors for some when making a decision.

Those getting started in the heavy-duty diesel mechanic field will likely need to pursue entry-level positions to gain experience working with these engines and machines. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a resource that can help provide an idea of what to expect for median annual salary in the field.

According to the BLS, the median annual salary for bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists in the United States was $58,970 in May 2023.26 This means half of diesel technicians earned more and half earned less. Keep in mind that a diesel technician salary depends on several factors, including experience, employer, demand and cost of living in the area.

The BLS also projects more than 24,000 estimated average annual diesel job openings in the U.S.43 These skilled technicians help make daily tasks possible. Employers are on the lookout for those with the right blend of education and training to help fill these roles!

Read: How Long Does it Take to Become a Diesel Mechanic?

How to Become a Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic

Once you’ve decided to pursue a career as a heavy equipment diesel mechanic, you’ll probably be wondering what your first step should be. At this point, it’s important to develop hands-on experience and complete a quality educational program to become prepared for a career in the industry.

After getting your high school diploma or GED, attending a trade school can be a great way to gain the foundational knowledge that employers in the field are looking for.

Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic Training

The Diesel Technology program at Universal Technical Institute (UTI) helps teach students how to service a range of diesel vehicles and engines that are on the roads today.1 The program’s courses cover everything from engine services and repairs to preventative maintenance.

Some of the biggest names in the industry collaborate with UTI to help train students in state-of-the-industry technology and practices. They include Navistar International Corp.; Daimler Trucks North America; Cummins, Inc.; Peterbilt and Volvo Trucks North America.

The Diesel Technology program is also Master Certified by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence, or ASE. Those graduating from the diesel program can substitute their training for one of two years of work experience required to become ASE certified.16

An ASE certification can be beneficial when applying for jobs in the industry and can help make graduates stand out against others in the applicant pool who do not have this certification. Graduates of the diesel program are prepared for entry-level careers in the industry. Eventually, with hard work and experience, they could work their way into roles as diesel technicians and heavy equipment repair technicians.

Read: What is a Mobile Diesel Mechanic?

H2: FAQs

1. What Does a Diesel Truck Mechanic Do?

A diesel truck mechanic diagnoses, maintains and repairs diesel engines found in heavy vehicles such as trucks. They diagnose mechanical issues, perform regular service checks and conduct repairs or replacements of parts to optimize the vehicle’s operation.

2. How Do I Become a Diesel Truck Mechanic?

To become a heavy diesel mechanic, you typically need to complete diesel technical training, like Universal Technical Institute’s Diesel Technology program!1 After completing your education, you can apply for a hands-on, entry-level job to get started on this career path. Getting diesel mechanic certification from a recognized institution like the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) can further boost your credentials.

3. What Are the Common Tasks Performed by a Heavy Diesel Mechanic?

Heavy diesel mechanics commonly diagnose engine problems, carry out vehicle repairs and maintenance and test parts and systems to ensure they are working properly. They may also perform routine inspections to maintain vehicle functionality and safety, and replace worn-out parts, such as brake pads and wheel bearings, to prevent future mechanical issues.

4. What Is the Difference Between a Heavy Diesel Mechanic and a Heavy-Duty Mechanic?

Heavy diesel mechanics are diesel specialists that service, repair and maintain diesel engines, which are typically used in heavy vehicles and machinery. On the other hand, “heavy-duty mechanic” is a broader term for technicians with broader expertise who work on all sorts of large industrial machinery and equipment, which may not necessarily be powered by diesel engines.

5. What Are the Main Responsibilities of a Diesel Engine Mechanic?

A diesel engine mechanic's main responsibilities include inspecting and diagnosing problems in diesel engines, carrying out maintenance procedures and repairing or replacing faulty parts. They also conduct performance tests, maintain work records and provide cost estimates for repairs, ensuring the safe and efficient operation of diesel engines.

6. What Types of Vehicles or Equipment Does a Heavy Equipment Diesel Mechanic Work On?

A diesel engine mechanic works on a wide variety of vehicles and equipment, primarily those used in the construction and transportation industries. This can encompass everything from bulldozers, cranes and excavators, to trucks, buses and other large vehicles powered by diesel engines.

7. What Are the Essential Skills and Qualifications Needed to Become a Diesel Truck Mechanic?

Employers often require diesel truck mechanics to have a high school diploma or GED, along with trade school training in diesel engine diagnosis, maintenance and repair. Key skills include mechanical aptitude, problem-solving abilities and a thorough understanding of diesel engine operation.

8. What Are the Typical Work Environments for Heavy Diesel Mechanics?

Heavy diesel mechanics typically work in service shops, garages or in the field where the heavy machinery operates. Their environments can vary from indoor, well-ventilated and well-lit repair shops to outdoor locations with varying weather conditions, depending on the machinery that needs repair or maintenance.

9. What Are the Common Challenges Faced by Diesel Truck Mechanics?

Diesel truck mechanics often deal with complex diagnostic issues due to the high technological demands in modern vehicles. Additionally, keeping up to date with the evolving industry standards and technological advancements can be challenging. The physically demanding nature of the job and the potential hazards involved in working with heavy machinery can also contribute to the difficulties faced by these professionals.

10. What Is the Median Salary Range for Heavy Duty Mechanics in the Diesel Truck Industry?

According to the BLS, the median annual salary for bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists in the United States was $58,970 in May 2023.26 This means half of diesel technicians earned more and half earned less. Keep in mind that salary depends on several factors, including experience, employer, demand and cost of living in the area.

Read: What is a Diesel Generator Technician?

Start Training for a Heavy-Duty Diesel Mechanic Career at UTI

Want to take the first step toward a career as a heavy-duty diesel mechanic? You can gain hands-on experience when you attend UTI’s 45-week Diesel Technology program, where you can learn how to service diesel vehicles and machinery using state-of-the-industry tools and equipment.7

After core program completion, graduates can pursue an entry-level position in the industry, including as a diesel mechanic! To find out more, request information online or call an Admissions Representative 1-800-834-7308 today!

With classes starting every 3-6 weeks, no need to wait to start your career.
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1 ) UTI is an educational institution and cannot guarantee employment or salary.
2 ) For program outcome information and other disclosures, visit www.uti.edu/disclosures.
7 ) Some programs may require longer than one year to complete.
16 )  Not all programs are accredited by the ASE Education Foundation.
29 ) UTI’s Diesel Technology Program prepares graduates for entry-level positions using the provided training, primarily as diesel technicians. Estimated annual salary shown above is for Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists as published in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ May 2023 Occupational Employment and Wages. Entry-level salaries are lower for UTI graduates. UTI is an educational institution and cannot guarantee employment or salary. UTI graduates’ achievements may vary. Individual circumstances and wages depend on economic factors, personal credentials, work experience, industry certifications, the location of the employer, and their compensation programs. Some UTI graduates get jobs within their field of study in positions other than as diesel truck technicians, including in industries such as heavy equipment repair, power generation, and agriculture. Salary information for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: The average annual entry-level salary range for persons employed as Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (49-3031) in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is $48,980 (Massachusetts Labor and Workforce Development, May 2022 data https://lmi.dua.eol.mass.gov/lmi/OccupationalEmploymentAndWageAllIndustries/OEWResult?A=01&GA=000025&OG=493031&Dopt=TEXT). Salary information for North Carolina: The U.S. Department of Labor estimates the hourly median wage for skilled diesel technicians in North Carolina is $25.28 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, May 2023 Occupational Employment and Wages, Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists). The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not publish entry-level salary data. However, the 25th and 10th percentile of hourly earnings in North Carolina are $21.55 and $18.00, respectively.
43 ) For Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects an annual average of 24,300 job openings between 2022 and 2032. Job openings include openings due to net employment changes and net replacements. See Table 1.10 Occupational separations and openings, projected 2022-32, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov, viewed November 16, 2023. UTI and MIAT are educational institutions and cannot guarantee employment or salary.

Universal Technical Institute of Illinois, Inc. is approved by the Division of Private Business and Vocational Schools of the Illinois Board of Higher Education.


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